Species Files

“C” symbol means that the information is complete. Symbol  means that the file contains only text without images.

Caution! The species-descriptions and illustrated plumages of different sexes and ages are based only on “wildlife”-birds from Aragon/NE-Spain. Regarding breeding populations in other parts of Europe, we cannot exlude that there are sex- & age-differences and variations in colour, pattern and moult-stages.

FAMILY PODICIPEDIDAE

  Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)   pdfdown

          Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus)   pdfdown

        Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)   pdfdown

FAMILY PHALACROCORACIDAE

  Great Cormorant (Phalacrororax carbo)   pdfdown

FAMILY ARDEIDAE

    Eurasian Bittern (Botaurus stellaris)   pdfdown

  Little Bittern (Ixobryxhus minutus)   pdfdown

  Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)   pdfdown

  Squacco Heron(Ardeola ralloides)   pdfdown

  Western Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis“C”  pdfdown

  Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)   pdfdown

  Western Great Egret (Ardea alba)   pdfdown

  Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)   “C”  pdfdown

  Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)   pdfdown

FAMILY CICONIIDAE

   Black Stork (Ciconia nigra)   pdfdown

  White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)   pdfdown

FAMILY ANATIDAE

  Greylag Goose (Anser anser)   pdfdown

  Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)   pdfdown

  Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope)   pdfdown

  Gadwall (Anas strepera)   pdfdown

Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca)    pdfdown

  Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)   pdfdown

 Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)   pdfdown

   Garganey (Anas querquedula)   pdfdown

  Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)   pdfdown

   Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)   pdfdown

  Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)   pdfdown

   Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)    pdfdown

FAMILY ACCIPITRIDAE

  European Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus)   pdfdown

  Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)   pdfdown

  Black Kite (Milvus migrans)   “C”  pdfdown

  Red Kite (Milvus milvus)    “C” pdfdown

  Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus)    pdfdown

  Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus)    “C” pdfdown

  Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus)    pdfdown

  Short-toed Snake Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)    pdfdown

  Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)    “C” pdfdown

  Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)   “C”  pdfdown

  Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus)   “C”  pdfdown

/   Identification of Harriers  “C”   pdfdown

  Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)    pdfdown

  Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)    “C” pdfdown

   Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)    “C” pdfdown

  Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)    pdfdown

  Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)    pdfdown

  Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciata)   “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY PANDIONIDAE

  Western Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)    pdfdown

FAMILY FALCONIDAE

  Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni)    “C” pdfdown

  Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)    “C” pdfdown

/  Identification of Kestrels  “C”   pdfdown

  Merlin (Falco columbarius)    “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo)    pdfdown

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)    pdfdown

FAMILY TETRAONIDAE

   Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)    pdfdown

   Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus)    pdfdown

FAMILY PHASIANIDAE

   Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa)    “C”  pdfdown

   Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix)    pdfdown

   Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY RALLIDAE

   Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus)     “C” pdfdown

   Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana)    pdfdown

   Little Crake (Porzana parva)    pdfdown

  Baillon’s Crake (Porzana pusilla)    pdfdown

   Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)    “C”  pdfdown

   Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)    pdfdown

   Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)    pdfdown

FAMILY GRUIDAE

   Common Crane (Grus grus)    pdfdown

FAMILY OTIDIDAE

   Little Bustard (Tetrax tetrax)    pdfdown

   Great Bustard (Otis tarda)    pdfdown

FAMILY RECURVIROSTRIDAE

  Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)       pdfdown

FAMILY BURHINIDAE

  Eurasian Stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus)     “C” pdfdown

FAMILY GLAREOLIDAE

  Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola)    pdfdown

FAMILY CHARADRIIDAE

  Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)   “C”   pdfdown

  Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula)    pdfdown

  Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)    pdfdown

  Eurasian Dotterel (Charadrius morinellus)    pdfdown

  European Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria)    pdfdown

  Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)    pdfdown

  Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)    pdfdown

FAMILY SCOLOPACIDAE

  Little Stint (Calidris minuta)    pdfdown

  Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)    pdfdown

  Dunlin (Calidris alpina)    pdfdown

  Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)    pdfdown

  Jack Snipe (Lymnocryptes minimus)     “C” pdfdown

  Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)    “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)    pdfdown

  Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)    pdfdown

  Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)    pdfdown

  Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)    pdfdown

  Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)    pdfdown

  Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)   “C”   pdfdown

  Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)    pdfdown

  Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)   “C”  pdfdown

/    Identification of Tringa and Actitis   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY LARIDAE

  Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis“C”pdfdown

  Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus)   “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY STERNIDAE

  Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida)    pdfdown

  Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)    pdfdown

FAMILY PTEROCLIDIDAE

  Black-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles orientalis)    pdfdown

  Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata)    pdfdown

FAMILY COLUMBIDAE

  Feral Pigeon/Rock Dove (Columba livia)     “C”  pdfdown

  Stock Dove (Columba oenas)    pdfdown

  Common Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus)   “C”   pdfdown

/    Identification of Pigeons  “C”   pdfdown

  Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)   “C”   pdfdown

  Europea Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur)      “C” pdfdown

FAMILY PSITTACEAE

  Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY CUCULIDAE

  Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator glandarius)    “C” pdfdown

  Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus)    pdfdown

FAMILY TYTONIDAE

  Western Barn Owl (Tyto alba)     “C” pdfdown

FAMILY STRIGIDAE

  Eurasian Scops Owl (Otus scops)     “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo)    pdfdown

  Little Owl (Athene noctua)       pdfdown

  Tawny Owl (Strix aluco)    pdfdown

  Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)     “C” pdfdown

  Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY CAPRIMULGIDAE

  European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus)   “C”   pdfdown

  Red-necked Nightjar (Caprimulgus ruficollis)   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY APODIDAE

  Common Swift (Apus apus)     “C”  pdfdown

  Pallid Swift (Apus pallidus)   “C”   pdfdown

 / Identification of Swifts   “C”   pdfdown

  Alpine Swift (Tachymarptis melba)   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY ALCEDINIDAE

  Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)    “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY  MEROPIDAE

  European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster)   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY CORACIIDAE

  European Roller (Coracias garrulus)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY  UPUPIDAE

  Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY PICIDAE

  Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla)    “C”pdfdown

  Iberian Green Woodpecker (Picus viridis sharpei)    pdfdown

  Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius)    pdfdown

  Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major)    pdfdown

  Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (Dryobates minor)    “C”pdfdown

FAMILY ALAUDIDAE

  Dupont’s Lark (Chersophilus duponti)    “C”  pdfdown

  Calandra Lark (Melanocorypha calandra)    “C”  pdfdown

  Greater Short-toed Lark (Calandrella brachydactyla)    “C”      pdfdown

  Lesser Short-toed Lark (Alaudala rufescens)     “C”  pdfdown

/   Identification of Short-toed larks     “C” pdfdown

  Crested Lark (Galerida cristata)    “C”pdfdown

  Thekla Lark (Galerida theklae)    “C” pdfdown

/   Identification of Galerida larks    “C”  pdfdown

  Woodlark (Lullula arborea)      “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY HIRUNDINIDAE

  Sand Martin (Riparia riparia)     “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris)    “C”  pdfdown

  Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)     “C” pdfdown

  Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica)    “C”  pdfdown

  Common House Martin (Delichon urbicum)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY MOTACILLIDAE

  Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris)    pdfdown

  Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis)    pdfdown

  Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis)   “C”   pdfdown

  Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta)   “C”   pdfdown

/    Identification of Pipits    “C”   pdfdown

  Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava)    “C” pdfdown

  Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)    pdfdown

  White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY CINCLIDAE

  White-throater Dipper (Cinclus cinclus)   “C”    pdfdown

FAMILY TROGLODYTIDAE

  EurasianWren (Troglodytes troglodytes)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY PRUNELLIDAE

  Dunnock (Prunella modularis)    “C”  pdfdown

  Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris)    pdfdown

FAMILY TURDIDAE

  European Robin (Erithacus rubecula)    “C”  pdfdown

  Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)    “C”  pdfdown

  Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)     “C” pdfdown

  Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)    pdfdown

  Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus)   “C”   pdfdown

/   Determination of females of Redstart    “C”   pdfdown

/   Determination of juveniles of Robin, Nightingale and Redstarts                                                    “C”   pdfdown

  Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra)    pdfdown

  European Stonechat (Saxicola rubicola)    pdfdown

  Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe)     “C” pdfdown

  Black-eared Wheatear (Oenanthe hispanica)    “C”  pdfdown

/   Identification of Wheatear  “C”  pdfdown

  Black Wheatear (Oenanthe leucura)     “C” pdfdown

  Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush (Monticola saxatilis)    pdfdown

  Blue Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius)    pdfdown

  Ring Ouzel (Turdus torquatus)    pdfdown

  Common Blackbird (Turdus merula)   “C”  pdfdown

  Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris)    pdfdown

  Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos)     “C” pdfdown

  Redwing (Turdus iliacus)    “C”  pdfdown

  Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus)    “C”  pdfdown

/   Identification of Genus Turdus   “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY SYLVIIDAE

  Cettis’s Warbler (Cettia cetti)     “C” pdfdown

  Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis)     “C” pdfdown

  Common Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia)   “C”     pdfdown

  Savi’s Warbler (Locustella luscinioides)    pdfdown

/   Identification of Cetti’s Warbler, Savi’s Warbler and Eurasian Reed                                               Warbler   “C”   pdfdown

  Moustached Warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon)   “C”   pdfdown

  Aquatic Warbler (Acrocephalus paludicola)    “C”  pdfdown

  Sedge Warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus)     “C” pdfdown

 /  Identification of Acrocephalus  “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus)     “C” pdfdown

  Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus)     “C”  pdfdown

  Melodious Warbler (Hippolais polyglotta)    “C”  pdfdown

  Dartford Warbler (Sylvia undata)   “C”  pdfdown

  Spectacled Warber (Sylvia conspicillata)      “C” pdfdown

  Subalpine Warbler (Sylvia cantillans)     “C” pdfdown

  Sardinian Warbler (Sylvia melanocephala)     “C” pdfdown

  Western Orphean Warbler (Sylvia hortensis)     “C” pdfdown

  Common Whitethroat (Sylvia communis)    pdfdown

  Garden Warbler (Sylvia borin)    “C”  pdfdown

  Eurasian Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla)   “C”   pdfdown

 /  Identification of adults of Sylvia Warblers   “C”   pdfdown

 /   Identification of juveniles of Sylvia Warblers   “C”   pdfdown

  Western Bonelli’s Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli)   “C”   pdfdown

  Wood Warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix)    pdfdown

  Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita)    “C”  pdfdown

  Iberian Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus ibericus)    pdfdown

  Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus)   “C”   pdfdown

 /  Identification of Phylloscopus Warblers   “C”   pdfdown

  Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)    pdfdown

  Common Firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY MUSCICAPIDAE

  Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata)   “C”   pdfdown

  European Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY TIMALIIDAE

  Bearded Reedling (Panurus biarmicus)     “C” pdfdown

FAMILY AEGITHALIDAE

  Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus)     “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY PARIDAE

  Marsh Tit (Poecile palustris)     “C” pdfdown

  European Crested Tit (Lophophanes cristatus)     “C” pdfdown

  Coal Tit (Periparus ater)     “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus)  “C”  pdfdown

  Great Tit (Parus major)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY SITTIDAE

  European Nuthatch (Sitta europaea)   “C”   pdfdown

FAMILY TICHODROMADIDAE

  Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria)    pdfdown

FAMILY CERTHIIDAE

  Eurasian Treecreeper (Certhia familiaris)    pdfdown

  Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla)   “C”    pdfdown

FAMILY REMIZIDAE

  Eurasian Penduline Tit (Remiz pendulinus)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY ORIOLIDAE

  Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY LANIIDAE

  Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio)    “C”  pdfdown

  Lesser Grey Shrike (Lanius minor)    pdfdown

  Southern Grey Shrike (Lanius meridionalis)   “C”   pdfdown

  Woodchat Shrike (Lanius senator)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY CORVIDAE

  Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius)    pdfdown

  Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica)     “C” pdfdown

  Alpine Chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus)    pdfdown

  Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax)   “C”    pdfdown

  Western Jackdaw (Coloeus monedula)    “C”  pdfdown

  Carrion Crow (Corvus corone)      “C” pdfdown

  Northern Raven (Corvus corax)   “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY STURNIDAE

  Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)    pdfdown

  Spotless Starling (Sturnus unicolor)    “C”  pdfdown

FAMILY PLOCEIDAE

  House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)     “C” pdfdown

  Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis)    “C”  pdfdown

/   Identification of Sparrows     “C” pdfdown

  Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)    “C”   pdfdown

  Rock Sparrow (Petronia petronia)     “C” pdfdown

  White-winged Snowfinch (Montifringilla nivalis)    pdfdown

FAMILY FRINGILLIDAE

  Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)     “C”  pdfdown

  Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)    “C”  pdfdown

  European Serin (Serinus serinus)  “C”    pdfdown

  Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella)     pdfdown

  European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris)    “C”  pdfdown

  Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis)     “C”  pdfdown

  Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus)     “C” pdfdown

  Common Linnet (Linaria cannabina)   “C”   pdfdown

  Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)    “C”   pdfdown

  Eurasian Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula)    pdfdown

  Hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes)     pdfdown

FAMILY EMBERIZIDAE

  Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella)     pdfdown

  Cirl Bunting (Emberiza cirlus)    “C” pdfdown

  Rock Bunting (Emberiza cia)    “C”  pdfdown

  Ortolan Bunting  (Emberiza hortulana)    pdfdown

  Common Reed Bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus)  “C”    pdfdown

  Corn Bunting (Emberiza calandra)     “C” pdfdown